Depression: Facts and Statistics – Depression

Depression is very serious.It is the main cause for suicide.People are killing themselves by the thousands, because of this dangerous disease.In this article, we will see how depression is increasing alarmingly worldwide.According to figures released by the World Health Organization (WHO) for 2010: Globally, more than 350 million people of all ages suffer from depression, or about 5% of the world population. Even worse, Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and is a major contributor to the global burden of disease.The WHO also reports that suicide rates have increased 60 percent over the past 50 years, most strikingly in the developing world, and that by 2020 depression will be the second most prevalent medical condition in the world.Studies strongly prove that depression is not restricted to any specific race or certain individuals.All individuals are vulnerable to depression!!!As a matter of fact, even intelligent and creative persons experienced depression, and the list includes:Ernest Hemmingway, Ludwig van Beethoven, Sylvia Plath, Edgar Allan Poe, Mark Twain, Georgia O’Keefe, John Lennon, Vincent van Gogh, and F. Scott Fitzgerald.
The latest victim of depression was the late Robin Williams.One clear indication of the rapid increase of depression was evident in the 2013 study of global consumption of antidepressants, by the Guardian. The study focused on 25 countries, and it noticed that since the year 2000, every single covered country has increased its consumption of antidepressants. Some data show that the US consumption of antidepressants increased 400% between 1988 and 2008 (CDC)A – Some Depression Statistics By Country1 – USA:According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2012, major depression is the leading cause of disability for Americans between the ages of 15 and 44.- CDC, 2012: While major depressive disorder can develop at any age, the median age at onset is 32.5.- In 1991 depression rates for American adults stood at 3.33% of the population, according to The American Journal of Psychiatry. In 2011, CDC numbers show that it reached approximately 10 percent of Americans ages 18 and over in a given year, or more than 24 million people.- Depression is involved in more than two – thirds of the 39,000 suicides that occur in the United States every year. For every two homicides, there are three suicides.- CDC: Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death for adults between the ages of 15 and 64 years in the United States. Currently, suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States, 2011. (Last available data).- According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), which is the largest scientific organization for mental health issues, women are 70 % more likely than men to experience depression during the course of their lifetimes.- According to CDC: More Americans suffer from depression than coronary heart disease (17 million), cancer (12 million) and HIV/AIDS (1 million).- About 15 percent of the population will suffer from clinical depression at some time during their lifetime. Thirty percent of all clinically depressed patients attempt suicide; half of them ultimately die by suicide. CDC2 – Australia:Australia has the second highest antidepressants consumption in the world, only after Iceland.According to the National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Suicide is the biggest killer of young Australians and accounts for the deaths of more young people than car accidents. Breakdown: 324 Australians (10.5 per 100,000) aged 15 – 24 dying by suicide in 2012. This compares to 198 (6.4 per 100,000) who died in car accidents (the second highest killer)- According to Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008: One million people in Australia, suffer from depression.3 – Canada:Canada has the third highest consumption rate of antidepressants in the world.- According to latest figures released by the Canadian Mental Health Association:- Suicide accounts for 24% of all deaths among 15 – 24 year – olds and 16% among 25 – 44 year – olds.- Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in both men and women from adolescence to middle age.- The mortality rate due to suicide among men is four times the rate among women.- Today, approximately 5% of male youth and 12% of female youth, age 12 to 19, have experienced a major depressive episode.- The total number of 12 – 19 year – olds in Canada at risk for developing depression is a staggering 3.2 million.4 – Japan:- According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD, Japan has one of the highest suicide rates, at 21 people per 100,000, compared to the United States’ rate of 12 per 100,000. In 2010, 31,690 people in Japan killed themselves.- According to her book “Depression in Japan,” anthropologist Junko Kitanaka writes that the number of diagnoses of depression in that country more than doubled between 1999 and 2008.5 – China:Although China does not publish official statistics on mental health, most evidence suggests that its depression rate is on the rise.China may be home to more than 30 million depression patients, or 3% – 5% of the total population, according to a 2012 report by the market data company Research and Markets. The report indicates that the country’s antidepressant market is booming. About £326m of the drugs were sold in 2012 – a small portion of China’s pharmaceuticals market as a whole, but growing quickly, with a 22.6% increase on 2011.6 – India:The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) statistics reveal that a total of 1,35,445 people in India committed suicide in 2012 which amounts to an average of 15 suicides an hour or 371 suicides daily. Tamil Nadu state ranked the first on the suicide index, and Maharashtra ranked second.- Suicide rate for Tamil Nadu was 25 per 100,000, in2012, which is among the highest in the world.- Ironically, the top five States with the highest rates of suicides are from the South, which are among the richest states of India.- According to a study conducted by the global health agency, World Health Organization (WHO), chances of an individual developing depression during the lifetime is nine percent in India.- As per WHO, the average age of depression in India is 31.9 years.B – Who Is Most Vulnerable to Depression?According to a study by NIMH the following groups are more likely to develop major depression:- Persons 45 – 64 years of age
- Blacks, Hispanics, non – Hispanic persons of other races or multiple races
- Women
- Those previously married
- Persons with less than a high school education
- Individuals unable to work or unemployed
- Persons without health insurance coverage
- Married women are more likely to be depressed than unmarried women.
- Married men are less likely to be depressed than unmarried men.
- Unhappily married women are three times more likely to be depressed than unhappily married men.
- Highest suicide rate among Americans is in white men who are 85 or older.- Many studies have found that being divorced, separated, or widowed is closely linked to depression. The loss of a marriage may lead to depression, or depression may lead to loss of a marriage.A 2000/2001 study published in the journal Depression and Anxiety that analyzed depression statistics from the Canadian National Population Health Survey found that major depression doubled a person’s chance of becoming divorced or separated.- NIMH also found that depression can be the result of the following:
- 50% to 75% of those who have an eating disorder.
- 25% of those who have cancer
- More than 40%of those with post – traumatic stress disorder
- 27% of those with substance abuse problems
- 33% of those who’ve had a heart attack
- 50% of those with Parkinson’s diseaseC – ConclusionsWe used to have many stereotypes about depression.- We thought it was confined to old people.
- We assumed it to be only for the poor.
- We thought money would make it disappear.
- We believed it affected the unintelligent person.Those statistics gathered from around the world showed us that we were Wrong.We better get rid of those myths about depression.Six months ago, I lost a close friend because of his suicide.Ritty was his name. He was from Holland.What was striking to me that he never showed any indication of his suicide.Depression can come faster than we may think.It is no longer a personal dilemma.It is penetrating every country, without Détente.The statistics here may be alarming and frightening. But they are good for us.We don’t want to be Ostriches burying their heads in the sand when they’re scared or threatened.We need a wake up call, before it is too late.Too late for what?For a solution, salvation or a treatment.

Meaning of Depression – Depression

A very common habit among youngsters is to use the line, “I am depressed!”, when they are simply sad or upset. People don’t realise the enormity of the word depression and tend to use it as a substitute to sadness.Most often we think that depression is just a case of extreme sadness. When we are faced with a tragedy, we feel depressed. But after a while it goes away. That’s what the general belief is. But depression is far more than a mere bout of sadness. It is something with the potential to cause extreme harm and ruin lives, if not treated appropriately.Keeping the magnitude in mind, let me throw some light on what exactly depression entails. What is depression and why is it caused? • Depression is a state of being where a person tends to feel absolutely empty, anxious and lost. It is the lowest point on the emotional scale and is marked by a variety of negative feelings like, guilt, helplessness, anger, irritability, etc.• Depression is much more than an extreme mood swing. It is a behavioural disorder, which like any disorder needs treatment. No matter how happy a person may be, if there is depression, it needs to be treated.• Depression is not to be confused with sadness. Sadness is an emotion. No doubt it is painful and negative, but it is nowhere as serious as depression.• Depression can be caused due to a variety of reasons. Some of the most common ones include traumatic events from ones childhood, sexual abuse, family pressures, etc. Loss of a dear one can also be a reason.• Some other reasons could include life changing events, like childbirth, menopause, any medical diagnosis, etc.• Among adolescents, the highest number of depression cases are due to societal rejection, bullying, peer pressure etc.• Certain medicines, like medication for Hepatitis C, sleep medication, high blood pressure medication, etc. are also known to cause depression. Such cases are known as medically induced depression.• Another major cause for depression is substance abuse, narcotics, etc. Types of depression 1. Major Depression This is the most commonly known type of depression. It is also referred to as Major Depressive Disorder. It can be caused due to any major event or even a series of smaller events or problems. A person is diagnosed with major depression if he/she displays symptoms of depression (given below types) for over two weeks. 2. Persistent Depressive Disorder If a person has undergone depression for over a period of 2 years, it is called persistent depressive disorder. Although the cause of depression may be same as major depression, for some reason the person may be incapable of overcoming it. Previously PDD was known as dysthymia. 3. Manic Depression Manic depression is more commonly known as Bipolar Disorder. In the case of bipolar disorder, a person experiences extreme mood swings, ranging from unbelievable highs to depressive lows. The person cannot control his behaviour and may take drastic steps.Manic depression is one of the most serious forms of depression. 4. Seasonal Affective Disorder It is a form of depression which is seasonal in nature, mostly happens during the winters. People who have seasonal depression, find it difficult to cope in the lack of bright sunlight. Hence during winter, their depression peaks. 5. Psychotic Depression People suffering from psychotic depression, have symptoms similar to depression along with psychotic symptoms like hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, etc. 6. Post-Partum Depression This is the form of depression that women experience in the period immediately after childbirth. This could happen because of the obviously overwhelming experience, excess attention to the new born, etc.The above given types are the 6 most common types of depression diagnosed among people. While the impact and the treatment for these forms of depression may differ, the symptoms are similar for most of them. Listed below are the most common symptoms. Symptoms of Depression: • Lack of appetite or excess of appetite.
• Lack of interest in activities you once loved doing.
• Sudden weight loss or weight gain
• Sleeplessness (insomnia) or excessive sleep
• Fatigue
• Reckless behaviour
• Thoughts of death, suicide, etc.
• Self-hate or self-loathing
• Unexplained guilt and anger
• Crying for no reason, getting upset easilyFrom the above listed symptoms, if any 5, including lack of interest and thoughts of death, persist over a week, it is advisable to visit a general physician and then a proper counsellor or psychiatrist.Self-medication must be avoided at all costs and if the doctor prescribes any medication, it should never be stopped, unless the doctor himself expressly says so.